Who paid the postage in the Regency period?

( This article is re-posted with the kind permission of earsathome.com)

There was no compulsion to pay postage until the 1850’s, but the choice to pay or not was available right from the beginning of the postal systems.

What about the payment of one penny to the postman on the street?

In Frank Staff’s book, The Penny Post, 1680-1918, he includes an illustration of ‘A postman with a bell about 1820. The penny he received for taking the letter to the General Post Office was his perquisite.’

This was because it was not the usual practice, as there were so many Receiving Houses, both for the General Post, and for the London Penny Post, that it was easy enough to take your letter to the nearest one.

He also quotes from The Picture of London for 1805:  Houses or boxes for receiving letters before four o’clock at the West-end of the town, and five o’clock in the City, are open in every part of the metropolis; and after that hour bellmen collect the letters during another hour, receiving a fee of one penny for each letter.

The bellman disappeared from London streets from the 5 July 1846, following a announcement by the Postmaster General that they were to be abolished. This illustration is of a British postage stamp issued in 1979 to mark the centenary of the death of Sir Rowland Hill.

Generally the head of the family would pay the postage on letters, whether it was sending the servant to the post office to deliver the letters written, or to collect the incoming letters. In Jane Austen‘s books there are many references to the mail. The Bennet family is in a fever of anticipation waiting to hear from Mr. and Mrs Gardiner after Lydia has eloped, and that comes in from the post office.

In the other cases letters are delivered by servants, or slipped into the hands of the receiver. Vicar’s daughters – as represented so beautifully by Jane Austen – would be unlikely to have money of their own so the father would have paid. It was generally accepted that the recipient paid the postage, therefore they would only write to someone they knew would be able to pay to receive it.

People likely to send paid letters :-

  • Solicitors, who added the cost of postage to the bill – I have many such letters, listing the details of the accounts, in which Postage is quite a large amount.
  • Commercial travellers would send it unpaid so head office would pay the incoming postage bills. I have a series of 40 letters from a commercial traveller in haberdashery from 1828-1832, written to his head office in London. The letters are posted from all over England as he drives out to make sales, and not one of these letters has been pre-paid.

However, some were less happy about paying postage –

this example was written by Mr Matthew Tate from Hull in the north of England, in 1837, and he sounds very irate he writes :


you may inform your clients that I will pay no more than I am indebted to them, the postage of letters I will not submit to pay, as they never post pay there letters to me.

He then adds this cryptic postscript.

P.S. you may inform them if they save a Loss they may perhaps catch a Louse.

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  1. I am confused by the statement that there was no compulsion to pay postage until 1850. Some one had to pay the postage from the beginning. Perhaps what is meant is that it wasn’t up to the sender to pay the postage.
    We have usually been told that the recipient paid the postage. However, the newspapers are full of ads for people seeking positions and requesting a prepaid reply. I have always assumed that Frank Churchill’s letters to Jane Fairfax were prepaid ( Austen’s novel Emma) because Jane Fairfax didn’t have the funds to pay for daily letters.
    According to some letters we have of that period, mail delivery was pretty quick even outside of London.
    When ever possible respectable people looked for a frank from peers or MPs.
    The treasury and the post office protested and objected to the free use of franks which were supposed to be for official business only. However, even Jane Austen asked for franks when possible.

    1. Nancy,
      Interesting question about someone having to pay the postage,
      I’ll have to ask our postal experts to give us the answer,

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